Stairs are often the number one accident site. While peeling paint and squeaky steps announce renovation needs, a rickety staircase or step with a broken edge is a real danger of accident. But how can you tell if a staircase needs to be repaired and what can be done if the steps are to be reconditioned?
When to repair stairs
When the time comes to repair a wooden stair depends on the one hand on the optics, on the other hand, but also on the safety. While aged wood stairs tend to creak and their colors look worn, they do not have to be a source of danger for a long time. Stairs with clearly worn steps, a wobbly railing and rotten wood, on the other hand, urgently need a repair so that they meet the safety requirements again.
New color for old stairs
If the paint on the steps and railing looks worn out and is already crumbling, the stairs can shine like new again with little effort. However, before the stairs can be repainted, the old paint must be off. This is, depending on the design and design of the stairs, but not so easy. Above all, if the staircase is provided with a beautiful railing with turned elements, the removal of the old paint must be done carefully so as not to damage the wood. Above all, if the staircase is provided with several layers of paint, the detachment with the hot air blower is suitable. The method is particularly cost-effective, as no expensive paint strippers need to be purchased, and when used properly, the paint removal with the hot air blower is extremely effective. Users should wear a mask to inhale non-toxic fumes and the wood should not be burned with the hot air blower. The fact that the paint is hot enough to be carefully dissolved with the spatula is usually recognized by the formation of bubbles on the paint surface. The more ornate the staircase or banister, the more important is the use of the right sized tool. Under no circumstances should the paint be filled with force. After detaching the paint with the hot-air blower, the wood can be filled, sanded and provided with new paint as needed. Especially if the steps are still intact, a combination of natural wood with a colorfully painted railing looks stylish.
Deep scratches and damage to the steps
Scratches, dents and pressure points on the steps look ugly, but they are not a security risk and can usually be eliminated without much effort. Scratches and small dents can be repaired with the help of wax. The easiest way for the hobby craftsman is to use a complete repair set. This contains in addition to the wax in different colors usually equal to sandpaper and a spatula. This method is suitable for both solid wood and imitations such as laminate. Before the scratches can be repaired with wax, surface treatments must be removed with sandpaper. Sliver and crumbling material is removed and the edges sanded smooth. Now the wax is warmed up and worked into the scratches or dents. So that the surface is really smooth, a cotton cloth is placed on the waxed place and over ironed. If the wax is cold and hardened, the spot can be finely ground and sealed.
Broken-off corners not only look ugly, they can also hurt you. If there are small splinters on them, they can be pulled into the skin when climbing stairs and if the broken corners are too big, they can cause falls. In the event that the corners are broken out so far that the steps are different deep, the step must be completely renewed. If several steps are severely damaged, the overbuilding of the steps is an option. The new steps are cut to the millimeter and the old steps are overbuilt with the new material. The old core of the stairs can be preserved and it does not have to be torn out the whole staircase. If you intend to have your staircase overbuilt, it is best to consult one of our experts in advance.
If the corners are only a little damaged, they can also be repaired with simple means. For this purpose, splinters and demolition points are ground and adapted to the stair nosing. Finally, the step is resealed - on wooden stairs, for example, with wood varnish - and shines in new splendor.
If the steps of the wooden staircase are very damaged, it is worth considering whether it is worth replacing them one at a time or, if necessary, replacing the entire staircase. It depends on how complex the exchange would be. If the staircase is only attached to the wall, it can usually be easily dismantled and a new staircase installed. However, if replacing the stairs would involve a larger demolition, it is worth repairing the broken steps. Broken steps are best overbuilt. Professionally, this is best done by the professional. However, the laying of new levels is quite easily possible if they are pasted over with suitable wood panels. If the disassembly of individual stages is possible because they can be unscrewed individually, the complete replacement of the individual stages is the simplest and cleanest solution.
Wood works. It expands under the influence of moisture and contracts in drought. This is also reflected in a wooden staircase made by creaking and squeaking. If the creaking of the stairs is due to the shrinking of the wood, it is usually remedied with small wooden wedges, which are pressed into the resulting cracks. If the steps are bent and creak, they are reinforced from below. Both methods are quite common, but can only solve the cause of the creak, if not the construction is faulty.
This is what a secure wooden staircase looks like
Stairs are often the main accident area. They do not even need to be damaged for that. Even intact stairs can provoke accidents, for example, if the steps are difficult to see or the step length does not match the size of the stairs. Basically staircases and stairs in the apartment should be well lit and the edges of the stairs should be easy to see. For flower pots or other decorations, the staircase is not the right place. It should always be free of obstacles and allow it to pass undisturbed. The steps are, as far as the tread, preferably between 26 and 32 inches deep and have a step height of at least 14 and a maximum of 19 centimeters. The safest way is also a railing that provides secure hold when using the wooden staircase. The steps themselves should be completely intact. Worn, smooth steps, a broken light bulb in the corridor and greasy or loose handrails on the banister can lead to accidents and should be resolved as soon as possible.
If you want to know which staircase suits your home best, you will find great suggestions here.